【1】－in the red
Explanation: A business with cash flow difficulties may ask its bank for an overdraft: their account at the bank is then in the red. So ‘in the red ‘ means the condition of showing loss. (来源：www.EnglishCN.com)
Overdraft, 指透支。当企业的现金周转陷入困境时，他们可以向银行申请透支，这时该企业在银行的帐户就变成了红色，也就是我们常说的赤字。所以我们可以用“in the red”来表示一个企业遇到了财务困难，入不敷出。
1. While British bankers talk of being in the red because of the old practice of showing overdrawn accounts in red ink, Italians talk about being in the green.
2. The new company is in the red this years due to inexperienced management and many employees are hunting for another job now.
Explanation: A firm without sufficient working capital has liquidity problems and may look for a cash injection or a cash infusion.
Working capital, 流动资本。Liquidity, (资本的)流动性。当一个企业缺乏足够的流动资本时，它将面临着资本流动不足的问题，这时企业就会迫切期望寻找到现金注入的方法。请看例句：
1. The CEO said in the executive meeting that their company need cash injections to meet ‘liquidity’ needs. They include working capital to buy inventory and funds to pay bond interest due tomorrow.
2. There are lots of ways liquidity could be injected into small companies if the will was there. It could take the form of low interest loans from the government.
Explanation: When a company’s accounts are presented in a way that makes performance look better than it really is, the company may be accused of window dressing or creative accounting
Substance should triumph over form in situations of window-dressing and off-balance-sheet financing.
Explanation: intangible assets may include such things as patents owned by the company, and goodwill, the value of the company as a functioning business or going concern with a client base, experienced management, and other benefits that a start-up may not have.
intangible assets 就是无形资产，它通常包括企业拥有的专利权、商誉、熟练的管理模式以及其他一些刚起步的企业不可能有的利益。请看例句：
The accounting need for an asset to be ‘measured at a monetary amount with sufficient reliability’ would also affect accounting for intangible assets such as brand names.
【5】－default on a debt
default on a debt
Explanation: if a company fails to make debt repayments on time, or at all, it defaults on the debt.
Washington Public Power Supply System (WPPSS) which owns the dubious honor of the biggest municipal bond default in history said its proposed refunding has been rescheduled for after Labor Day. WPPSS earned its Wall Street nickname Whoops when it defaulted on roughly one-fourth of the more than $8 billion of bonds it sold in the 1970s and early 1980s to build five nuclear power plants.
Explanation: Companies in trouble and needing outside help are also often referred to as lame ducks, likening them to birds with difficulty in walking.