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A.   When a sentence begins with an adverb negative in meaning:

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    hardly, neither, nor, never, no, not, scarcely, seldom, nowhere, etc.(but not no one, nobody, etc. used as nouns)

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1.      He did not say a word in my favor.  (来源:英语麦当劳-英语杂志 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

      Not a word did he say in my favor.

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      Not until Japan attacked Pearl Harbor and the 77th U.S. Congress declared
war against Japan did the U.S. and China become allies. (来源:英语麦当劳-英语快餐EnglishCN.com)

      I could find him nowhere. 

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      Nowhere could I find him. (来源:英语麦当劳-英语学习门户 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

      (I could not find him anywhere.)

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2.      You must on no condition go alone. (来源:英语麦当劳-英语杂志 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

On no condition must you go alone.

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3.      He did not imply she was lazy in any way.

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In no way did he imply she was lazy. (来源:EnglishCN英语博客基地)

 

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4.      She did not believe for an instant that he had lied. (来源:英语麦当劳www.EnglishCN.com)

Not for an instant did she believe that he had lied. (来源:英语聊天室 http://chat.EnglishCN.com)

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5.  He had no sooner reached his home than it began to rain.

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     No sooner had he reached his home than it began to rain.

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6.  The chance to visit the school did not come till last week. (来源:英语麦当劳 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

     Not till last week did the chance come to visit the school.

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7.  I can agree in neither case. (来源:最老牌的英语学习网站 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

     In neither case can I agree.

 

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8.  He hardly had any money.

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     Hardly did he have any money. (来源:EnglishCN英语问答中心[e问e答])

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9.      He didn’t want to buy that expensive house.
Neither (nor) did his wife.

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(neither 是正式用法,nor是非正式用法。) (来源:英语麦当劳-英语杂志 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

  (来源:英语麦当劳-英语学习门户 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

10. I (1) have(2) never(3) seen such a nice girl.
      Never (3) have (2) I (1) seen such a nice girl. (来源:英语聊天室 http://chat.EnglishCN.com)

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B. When a sentence begins with an adverb “so”

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1.      Her English (1) is (2) so good (3) that all her classmates ask her for help. (来源:英语麦当劳 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

      So (3) good is (2) her English (1) that all her classmates ask her for help. (来源:最老牌的英语学习网站 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

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2.      She (1) is (2) so understanding and tender (3) that everybody likes her. (来源:英语交友 http://friends.englishcn.com)

      So understanding and tender (3) is (2) she(1) that everybody likes her. (来源:英语博客 http://space.englishcn.com)

      Compare: She is very understanding and tender,
so (连接副词) everybody likes her.

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3.      I can play the guitar.  So can she.

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4.       I saw a movie yesterday.  So did she. (来源:EnglishCN英语博客基地)

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5.      She is an English teacher. So am I. (来源:英语麦当劳-英语快餐EnglishCN.com)


C. When a sentence begins with an adverb “only”

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1. A student can make straight A’s only by studying hard.

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    Only by studying hard can a student make straight A’s. (来源:最老牌的英语学习网站 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

 

(来源:EnglishCN英语问答中心[e问e答])

2. You can buy clothes and shoes like that only in Paris. (来源:EnglishCN英语博客基地)

    Only in Paris can you buy clothes and shoes like that.

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