神秘内容 Loading...
Chapter 1 Colonial Period
I. Background: Puritanism
1. features of Puritanism
(1) Predestination: God decided everything before things occurred.
(2) Original sin: Human beings were born to be evil, and this original sin can be passed down from generation to generation.
(3) Total depravity
(4) Limited atonement: Only the “elect” can be saved.
2. Influence
(1) A group of good qualities – hard work, thrift, piety, sobriety (serious and thoughtful) influenced American literature.
(2) It led to the everlasting myth. All literature is based on a myth – garden of Eden.
(3) Symbolism: the American puritan’s metaphorical mode of perception was chiefly instrumental in calling into being a literary symbolism which is distinctly American.
(4) With regard to their writing, the style is fresh, simple and direct; the rhetoric is plain and honest, not without a touch of nobility often traceable to the direct influence of the Bible.
II. Overview of the literature
1. types of writing
diaries, histories, journals, letters, travel books, autobiographies/biographies, sermons
2. writers of colonial period
(1) Anne Bradstreet
(2) Edward Taylor
(3) Roger Williams
(4) John Woolman
(5) Thomas Paine
(6) Philip Freneau
III. Jonathan Edwards
1. life
2. works
(1) The Freedom of the Will
(2) The Great Doctrine of Original Sin Defended
(3) The Nature of True Virtue
3. ideas – pioneer of transcendentalism
(1) The spirit of revivalism
(2) Regeneration of man
(3) God’s presence
(4) Puritan idealism
IV. Benjamin Franklin
1. life
2. works
(1) Poor Richard’s Almanac
(2) Autobiography
3. contribution
(1) He helped found the Pennsylvania Hospital and the American Philosophical Society.
(2) He was called “the new Prometheus who had stolen fire (electricity in this case) from heaven”. (来源:英语学习门户网站EnglishCN.com)
(3) Everything seems to meet in this one man – “Jack of all trades”. Herman Melville thus described him “master of each and mastered by none”.
 
神秘内容 Loading...

你可能对下面的文章也感兴趣:

·英美文学选读(美国文学部分)
·专业考试指导:美国文学简史(二)
·英语专业八级翻译试题及一些翻译练习
·专业考试指导:美国文学简史(三)
·专八考试指导:如何提高专八听写成绩
·专业考试指导:美国文学简史(四)
·综合指导:如何有效来背专四专八单词
·专业考试指导:美国文学简史(五)
·综合:罗马帝国的征服对英语习语的影响
·专业考试指导:美国文学简史(六)

上一篇:英美文学选读(美国文学部分)  
下一篇:专业考试指导:美国文学简史(二)
[推荐] [返回顶部] [打印本页] [关闭窗口]